what is civil engineering

    what is civil engineering

    In Present time, Mostly parents do not decide student carrier. Student have freedom to decide his/ her career. If you are interested in engineering and want to take admission in civil engineering. Then you have to know some important points about career in Civil Engineering.

    Before going to take admission in civil engineering, you have to question yourself like:-

    • what is civil engineering?

    • what are careers in civil engineering?

    • it’s easy to get government job or private job?

    • what are its benefits? 

    • what work have to do after engineering?

    • Is this job suits for girls? 

    • how difficult or easy to do study?

    So in this post, I will try to clear all your doubts related to Civil engineering. There are other engineering branches like mechanical, electrical, software, aeronautical etc. But each engineering branch have its own importance. But today we will discuss about civil engineering?

    We see many things all around us like fridges, TVs, washing machines, cars, bikes, buildings etc. used in the house, all are made up by engineers. Out of these, houses, bridges, roads are very important in human life. Which are build by civil engineer only. By the way, no studies are easy but it is not so difficult so you can learn civil engineering by a little bit effort.

    What is Civil Engineering ?

    Military (military) engineering, it is considered to be the oldest engineering branch. But Now Military Engineering is named this civil engineering.

    Civil engineer works in public sector such as Municipal Corporation, government national works, and in private sector such as work in any international companies, PSU’s, Self-private Company.

    Civil Engineering involves planning, designing, construction, maintenance and supervising infrastructures which will introduce to modern life like highways, bridges and tunnels, schools, hospitals, airports and other buildings, sewage systems and water treatment facilities.

    This will cover protecting the public and environmental health as well as improving existing infrastructure.

    Civil Engineers generally have a lot of specializations to choose from like:

    Construction Engineering Coastal and Ocean Engineering
    Geotechnical Engineering Fire protection engineering
    Structural Engineering General Engineering
    Bridge Engineering Irrigation Engineering
    Land development Materials Engineering
    Transportation engineering Urban Engineering
    Hydraulic Engineering Water resources Engineering
    Environmental Engineering  Hill Area
    Earthquake Engineering Seismic design

    How to become a civil engineer – how to become a civil engineer in India

    There are two ways to get admission in engineering…

    • After 10th, you have to go for Diploma courses for 3 years.
    • After that you will get directly admission in Engineering 2nd year by applying online entrance exam.
    • After 12th, 12 (Physics + Chemistry + Math) you have to appear in engineering entrance exam conducted by IIT and other State government exams.
    • Engineering courses offers 4 years and 8 semesters.
    • it should be clear that what is civil engineering and why you have joined.

    Semester 1

    Mathematics I
    Chemistry
    English for Communication
    Basic Electronics
    Mechanics
    Engineering Drawing and Graphics
    Electrical Technology
    Introduction to Manufacturing Processes
    Semester 2
    Mathematics II
    Physics
    Programming and Data Structure
    Basic Electronics
    Engineering Drawing and Graphics
    Electrical Technology
    Introduction to Manufacturing Processes
    Semester 3
    Water and Waste Water Engineering
    Hydraulics
    Solid Mechanics
    Breadth I
    Mathematics III (Module 1)
    Semester 4
    Transportation Engineering
    Structural Analysis
    Water Resources Engineering
    Surveying I
    Surveying II
    Semester 5
    Design of RC Structures
    Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engineering
    Elective I
    Breadth (IT)
    Breadth II
    Semester 6
    Design of Steel Structures
    Elective II
    Elective III
    Elective IV
    Elective V
    Project I
    Semester 7
    Elective VI
    IT & CAD Applications
    Elective
    Project II
    Industrial Training/Seminar
    Semester 8
    Breadth III
    Breadth
    Project III

    Comprehensive Viva-Voice

    • After successfully completing the civil engineering degree course, you can go for higher degree courses by qualifying GATE exam or by direct college entrance exam.
    • After completing Engineering degree, you can work in government (Public Sector), PSU’s or private sector. You can apply for IES exam and get central government job.

    Syllabus for Civil Engineering

    • In India, the Civil Engineering course curriculum might differ across colleges, institutes and Universities. However, All courses are relatively remain the same.
    • Here’s an overview of the topics that would be cover in Civil Engineering program across eight semesters.
    • Please note that the syllabus and Subject in related semester may vary from college to college.
    • what is civil engineering , what syllabus you should read in all 8 semesters.
    • Civil engineers get recruited by Construction Companies, Consultancy, Government Development Boards, Municipal Bodies, etc.
    • They work in public and private sectors in all branches of design, construction, maintenance of roads, highways, bridges, dams, canals, airports, and housing complexes and in environmental management, etc.
    • But there is an important duty of Civil engineer quality testing laboratories, Military and defence services and as consultants.

    Civil Engineering: Types of Job Profiles

    Job Profile
    Job Description
    Structural Engineers The main work of Structural engineer is to design, plan and supervise the construction of infrastructural projects like buildings, bridges. To give details of structure and make any adjustment in structure.
    Geo-technical Engineers The primary vision of Geo-technical engineers is to create projects and find Soil (geological) activity and find load capacity of foundation.
    Site Engineers The take responsibility for security, safety, health, organizing, supervising material and people working at the site. They are part of the site management team.
    Construction Engineers The main task of construction engineer is to plan, direct, and supervise large construction projects. They act as leader on construction projects and ensure everything about the project is safe, smooth and structurally sound.
    Lecturers/Professor A civil engineering lecturer/ professor is good career for girls and boys. You feel comfort and safe , no work on site and no pressure.

    Some of the companies that hire civil engineering Students are:

    L&T Maytas Infra Ltd
    TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd Land Transport Authority etc
    Schlumberger Jacobs Engineering
    Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd Shapoorji Pallonji
    Jacobs Engineering Jones Lang LaSalle

    Civil engineer salary

    • In the private sector, a civil engineer can get a salary of 20,000 to 30,000 in the initial period.
    • After some experience, depending on the experience, you can earn up to 1, 00,000 per month in 3-4 years.
    • If you are work in government department, you can earn according to your post as Junior Engineer, Assistant Engineer and IES Officer.
    • Big projects are given to builders and contractors. If you are expert in your work and you want to take responsibility, and management quality, then you can get work in these projects based on it.
    • Apart from this, you can get offer from contractors who build houses, if you are good in your work.

    For more information , Kindly comment below. what is civil engineering , why should you have to take this branch , this should be clear.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *